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Comparison contrast essays esl

When you compare two things, you show what they have in common, and when you contrast things, you show their differences. Compare and contrast essays are one of the most common essays a student will encounter. You will be answering a specific question, "How do these two things compare,", or "What makes them different? This makes them fairly easy to complete. There are several ways to write this type of essay.

The most important thing to remember is structure.

You have to identify two things that are linked in some way, there should be similarities as well as differences. Don't try to compare chalk and cheese.

comparison contrast essays esl

Make sure the topics you choose are something you're interested in, and preferably knowledgeable about, or at least something you can research easily. For example: You could write about two ideas, events, jobs, people, or organisations. The list is endless. Once you've decided on two things, try writing a list of what they have in common and what is different about them. If lists aren't your thing try using a Venn diagram to illustrate your points. Once you've done this look at your list and think about what is important, interesting and what you've learnt.

List of 30+ Useful Contrast Transition Words for Writing Essay

You can start your essay with a question, a relevant quotation, or an anecdote that leads you into the body of the essay. You need to introduce the two things you will be writing about, and give the reader an idea of why you are comparing them. Don't just regurgitate your list of similarities and differences, it should be interesting and informative. In your conclusion avoid repeating things that you have already discussed, but summarise the most important similarities and differences.

Think about what you want the reader to remember and what the reader can learn from the ideas you've presented. Don't forget to tidy it up and proofread it before presenting it to the world see narrative essays. Make sure everything flows and make any necessary changes to the sequence. This page has dictionary look up. Double click on any word to see its definition. Choosing what to write about You have to identify two things that are linked in some way, there should be similarities as well as differences.

How to start Once you've decided on two things, try writing a list of what they have in common and what is different about them.

comparison contrast essays esl

If you struggle here, you might want to consider a different theme. How to continue You can structure the main part of the essay in a couple of ways. Split the topics and discuss them separately:- In the first section, discuss the first topic without mentioning the second one. Then start a new section and discuss the second topic, only alluding to the first one if necessary. Once you've analysed both topics independently, bring them together in the third section.

Compare the topics together:- Write about how your two topics are different. Write about how your two topics are similar.Teachers Pay Teachers is an online marketplace where teachers buy and sell original educational materials.

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How to Teach the Compare and Contrast Essay

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Balanced Literacy. Close Reading. Creative Writing.This type of essay can be really confusing, as balancing between comparing and contrasting can be rather difficult. Check out our compare and contrast essay samples to see how to write essays of this type on your own. Science fiction is one literary genre whose possibilities in terms of generating engaging stories are infinite. The only limit a science-fiction author has is his….

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We live in a world of choice.

In each moment, we are presented with the opportunity to choose from an array of options. The truth…. Renaissance and Neoclassicism are two major periods in the history of art, during which different forms of art including architecture, painting, music, and visual arts….

Soccer is a fascinating sport for a myriad reasons: it has changing speeds, dynamics in the variety of player positions, and a hint of unpredictability…. Samples Questions Guides. Academic Assignments Writing an Essay. Writing a Research Paper. Writing a Review.A complete guide to teach students how to compare and contrast when reading in English. A great starting point to writing a compare and contrast essay.

The ability to compare and contrast is one of the first higher-order reading comprehension skills students are introduced to. And it is no wonder, as the ability to categorise and compare things in terms of their differences and similarities corresponds to some the earliest stages of cognitive development. Defining the Terms Compare and Contrast.

The ability to compare and contrast has its uses far beyond the classroom. WIth practical applications in everything from choosing which insurance policy to buy, to what clothes to pack for a holiday, comparing and contrasting are requirements for much of our everyday decision-making.

However, when we discuss these terms in relation to reading skills, they have much more specific meanings. Comparein relation to reading, refers to the process of identifying the similarities and differences between two things. On the other hand, Contrast refers to identifying only the differences between two things. While the distinction between these two terms may appear on the surface to be quite subtle, it is important that students can accurately differentiate between the two concepts to ensure they are able to answer questions and prompts accurately.

Importance of Teaching Comparative Thinking. Compare and contrast type questions are commonly featured in standardized tests, but there are many more reasons for students to develop their comparative thinking skills than just passing tests.

A few of the most compelling reasons include:. Once you understand the fundamentals of comparing and contrasting when reading transfer that knowledge into writing an excellent compare and contrast essay. Most students find it easy to follow graphic organizers such as the ones below to help compare and contrast information. They are a huge time saver and can be found and created in both digital and paper based format quickly and easily. Though we have established that comparing and contrasting serves as a good introduction to the higher-order reading skills, students can often find these types of questions challenging.

The best thing we can do to help our students to effectively answer these types of questions is to offer them a coherent strategy with which to approach them. One effective approach can be broken down into the following steps:. As mentioned in the introduction to this article, it is very important students clearly understand what exactly the question is asking them to do.

To achieve this effectively students must break the question down into its simplified parts. If, for example, the question asks a student to contrast the opinions of two critics on the use of metaphor in a poem, students need only focus on the parts of the text where the critics deal with metaphor and, furthermore, students need only focus on where these two opinions differ.

On the other hand, if the question asks students to compare the views of the two critics, they must focus on both similarities and differences in their answer. Step 2: Identify Similarities and Differences in the Content. Once students have identified the purpose of the writing prompt or the nature of the question, they can start to read the text and take note of the similarities and differences in terms of content.

Students can begin the process by highlighting or underlining the appropriate information in the text. They can then record this information in note form or bullet points. These are often sufficient for students to prepare for writing their answer. However, it is often helpful for students to use graphic organisers to visually display the information they extract.

Venn diagrams are particularly suitable for displaying comparisons as they can usefully display areas of difference, as well as any overlapping similarities. Venn diagrams can easily accommodate a comparison of multiple ideas through the addition of more circles in the diagram. Step 3: Identify Similarities and Differences in the Structure.

comparison contrast essays esl

Once students have examined and identified the similarities and differences in terms of content, they can begin to look at how the texts compare and contrast in regards to structure.

This will require students to give consideration to the genre of each text. Often, students are asked to compare texts that are in the same genre.

Sometimes, however, they will be asked about texts which share a common a theme, but are presented in different genres. Depending on the exact nature of the question, students may look at a variety of elements of structure, including how the text is presented in terms of:. Step 4: Identify Similarities and Differences in Media.They have been used in regular high school classes where reading levels ranged from fourth to twelfth grade. Selecting subjects that matter to students is critical for this step.

For example, one might be to compare two models of cars and then write a letter to a benefactor who might buy them one. Another would be a store manager writing to a buyer about two products. Academic topics such as comparing two organisms, two wars, two approaches to solving a math problem may also be useful.

Explain that there are two ways to write the essay but don't go into any detail on how to do it just yet. Explain that when comparing, students should mention differences but focus on similarities.

Conversely, when contrasting they should mention similarities but focus on differences. You should plan to spend a few classes on this. Although it seems simple, students doing it for the first time perform better if they aren't rushed through this step. Working in teams, with a partner, or in a group is helpful.

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Many tenth graders have difficulty thinking of these words if this step is skipped. Provide model sentences with these words which they can use until they become comfortable with them.

Have students write the block style first since it is easier. Students should be told that the block is better to show similarities and the feature-by-feature is better to show differences. Guide students through their first essay providing help with an introduction and transition sentences. Do not assume they understand the chart until they have done one correctly.

By giving in-class writing time, many more students will work on the assignment. Without it, students with little motivation may not write the essay. Walk around asking who needs a little help to get more participation from reluctant learners.

Explain that after writing their essay, students should edit and revise. They should continue the cycle of editing and revising until they are satisfied with the quality of their essay. Explain the advantages of revising on the computer.

Staple a rubric to each essay and have students evaluate them. Be sure to check off on a roster the names of students who turn in essays because they could be stolen during the peer evaluation activity. This helps peers recognize that the essay is incomplete. More importantly, taking their paper forces them to participate in the evaluation activity rather than trying to finish the essay in class.

Consider giving 25 points each for evaluating three essays and another 25 points for quiet participation. Tell students to read their essay aloud or to have someone else read it to them to catch any errors.

Share Flipboard Email. Melissa Kelly. Education Expert. Melissa Kelly, M.Working on a compare and contrast essay can be an enriching experience for students. They get a chance of analyzing different things and this is what makes the process so exciting.

Compare and contrast essay topics for college students mostly include non-fiction books and articles. However, if you are worried about writing your essay then we have some good compare and contrast essay examples for you. In simple terms, a compare and contrast essay examines, evaluates and analyzes the similarities and dissimilarities between the chosen topics. The topics could be anything from two or more books to pet animals. However, to be a valid compare and contrast topic, the objects must be from the same category.

The categories could either the classification of living beings, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, etc. Moreover, it follows a structure that includes an introduction, write a thesis statement, body paragraphs and conclusion, but the compare and contrast paper has a different type of content. For many students, writing a compare and contrast essay is fun while for many this could be challenging and difficult. If you are one of those students, we have a complete and detailed guide that will help you write a compare and contrast essay.

Moving forward, we will present some great compare and contrast essay examples that will help you understand how to work with these kinds of essays.

We have added a number of compare and contrast essay examples so that you have a working idea of how these types of essays are written. After, we also have discussed some quick and easy tips that you can use while writing your essay. A compare and contrast essay based on comparisons and contrasts on the elements of the book and how they are similar and different from each other.

You can choose books from fiction and non-fiction categories but make sure that whatever books you choose, they are from the same category. Compare and contrast essay means you have to examine the difference and similarities between two or more things. In this example, two cities are compared and contrast in terms of climate, population, and transportation. They both make adorable pets but there are people that like dogs but do not like cats and vice versa.

This sample examines the similarities and differences between cats and dogs and things that make both of them special. Science and arts are the two sides of the same coin, while science is about the fact, art is about fiction.College and school students often write compare and contrast papers.

The main purpose of this academic assignment is to demonstrate your ability to analyze two distinct subjects, such as art, music, public education, government, and determine their differences and similarities.

The contrasting element highlights differences, while the comparing aspect emphasizes similarities. You can use different approaches to write this paper.

Choosing great and interesting compare and contrast essay topics is an important step that you should take at the very beginning. This type of essay contrasts dissimilar objects or compares similar things to inform people who read it about both pros and cons.

This is what allows them to make a more informed choice. You can focus your piece of writing on both differences and similarities or decide to show either similar or different aspects.

This assignment helps the targeted audience reach critical decisions. You can choose common or rare objects, events, issues, and people. When people read your essay, they start weighing all factors before making a final decision and coming up with their personal conclusions. They become more cognizant of discussed matters. Decide on the objects that you will discuss, such as living at home alone or with a family, day or night time, etc. Ensure that they have different and similar qualities to get enough information to analyze and discuss in your academic paper.

Create a detailed outline of your future essay. Sketch out major points and their supporting facts that you will discuss and follow this plan when writing every section.

Pick the most effective organizational structure that you will use. There are several approaches that you can use when constructing the main body of your paper, including:. Include a catchy hook to stimulate their engagement and interest. Make this paragraph original and appealing to readers and finish it with your thesis that represents a major argument of your writing. In body paragraphs, you should demonstrate specific points, use solid evidence to support all ideas, and make a detailed analysis that your readers will follow.

Avoid choosing too many points at once. Pick the most valuable ones to elaborate them and end every paragraph with a concluding sentence that shows its main idea.

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