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Researchgate article apa book reference entry

Published on November 14, by Jack Caulfield. Revised on December 21, Use the interactive tool to see examples. The book title is written in sentence case only capitalize the first word and any proper nouns. Include any other contributors e. A citation of an ebook i. If there is no DOI, link to the page where you viewed the book, or where the ebook can be purchased or accessed. Since ebooks sometimes do not include page numbers, APA recommends using other methods of identifying a specific passage in your in-text citations—for example, a chapter or section title, or a paragraph number.

Scribbr Plagiarism Checker. When citing a particular chapter from a book containing texts by various authors e. Some books come in multiple volumes. When citing from one volume of a multivolume book, the format varies slightly depending on whether each volume has a title or just a number.

If the volume has a specific title, this should be written as part of the title in your reference list entry. Eliot, T. The poems of T. Eliot: Vol. Collected and uncollected poems C. McCue, Eds. If the volume is only numbered, not titled, the volume number is not italicized and appears in parentheses after the title.

Dylan, B. Chronicles Vol. When citing the whole book, mention the volumes in parentheses after the title.

Individual volume titles are not included even if they do exist. Eliot Vols. All the information you need to cite a book can usually be found on the title and copyright pages. The APA reference list entry for the book above would look like this:. Butler, C. Postmodernism: A very short introduction. Oxford University Press.The American Psychological Association APA established writing and documentation guidelines inso readers could easily understand the major points and findings in scientific research.

Today, APA Style is used across the disciplines as a standard style for academic and professional writing. APA Style helps writers think critically, communicate clearly and precisely, and document sources ethically. This tutorial on APA citations and references follows the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association seventh edition.

Citations and references are forms of documentation. We must document the ideas, theories, definitions, data, images, and other information in our writing that originated with other authors, researchers, and artists. Documentation is how we establish our credibility as researchers and writers. It is how we write ethically and with integrity.

Writing often involves using the ideas, theories, definitions, data, and images of others in order to support or refute our theses. Documentation is how we give credit to others for their contributions to our work.

Documenting sources also differentiates our original ideas from the source contributions and enables readers to locate the original source to learn more about it.

APA Style in-text citations use the author-date system. In this APA Style in-text citations use the author-date system. Additional rules apply for in-text citations for varying source types and paraphrasing, but there are two primary types of in-text citations: narrative and parenthetical. Here is an example:. Here are two examples:.

Journal Article References

In parenthetical citations, the author-date information goes after the paraphrase in parentheses as in the following example:. For a quotation, the parenthetical citation contains the author and date, and it also contains the specific part of the source such as the page or paragraph number or the timestamp of a video as in this example:.

An author may be an individual, multiple people, or a group such as an organization, company, or governmental agency. See No Author if a source does not specify an author.

The in-text citation for a quotation includes the part of the source where the information is found. Page numbers are common in printed books and articles; however, for electronic sources without page numbers, you will need to provide another way for a reader to locate the original passage being quoted.

The following options are acceptable:. A reference list entry should be provided for each source cited in text. Reference list entries have four elements: author, date, title, and source.

Each element of the reference answers a question:. Reference entries and in-text citations correspond: The author or title given in the in-text citation is the first element of the reference entry. Example reference entries are provided in the Common Citations and References section of this resource.

The following formatting requirements apply to the reference list:. Resources available online have URLs, which are web links, or DOIs, which are unique strings of numbers that provide persistent and reliable links to resources.

Note: Most of the examples in this resource are fictional.When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. The following contains a list of the most commonly cited print book sources. E-books are described on our "Electronic Sources" page. For a complete list of how to cite print sources, please refer to the 7 th edition of the APA Publication Manual.

If a print work does not have a DOI do not include it in the reference citation. Author, A. Year of publication. Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher Name. DOI if available. Stoneman, R. Alexander the Great: A life in legend. Yale University Press. Editor, E. Leitch, M. A new companion to Malory. Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle E.

Editor, Ed. Malory, T. Le morte darthur P. Field, Ed. Original work published Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle T. Translator, Trans.Grady, J. Emotions in storybooks: A comparison of storybooks that represent ethnic and racial groups in the United States. Psychology of Popular Media Culture8 3— Jerrentrup, A. Stegmeir, M. Climate change: New discipline practices promote college access. The Journal of College Admission, 44— Sanchiz, M. How do older and young adults start searching for information?

Impact of age, domain knowledge and problem complexity on the different steps of information searching. Computers in Human Behavior7267— Butler, J. Where access meets multimodality: The case of ASL music videos. Joly, J. Silence and table manners: When environments activate norms. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin34 8— Retraction: Spontaneous human adult stem cell transformation.

Cancer Research70 16 The Editors of the Lancet. Retraction—Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder in children.

researchgate article apa book reference entry

The Lancet, Use the same formats for both print books and ebooks. For ebooks, the format, platform, or device e. Jackson, L. The psychology of prejudice: From attitudes to social action 2nd ed.

American Psychological Association. Sapolsky, R. Behave: The biology of humans at our best and worst. Penguin Books. Svendsen, S. Hans Reitzel Forlag.

researchgate article apa book reference entry

Hygum, E. Early childhood education: Values and practices in Denmark. Hans Reitzels Forlag. Kesharwani, P. Nanotechnology based approaches for tuberculosis treatment.

researchgate article apa book reference entry

Academic Press. Torino, G. Microaggression theory: Influence and implications. Watson, J. Conditioned emotional reactions: The case of Little Albert D. Webb, Ed. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

How to cite and reference a chapter in an edited book

Original work published Harris, K. APA educational psychology handbook Vols. This guidance has been revised from the 6th edition. This page contains reference examples for books, including the following: Whole authored book Whole edited book Republished book, with editor Book published with new foreword by another author Several volumes of a multivolume work.

Whole authored book Jackson, L. Whole edited book Hygum, E. Republished book, with editor Watson, J.

Several volumes of a multivolume work Harris, K. Parenthetical citation : Harris et al. Last updated: December Date created: February Published on November 5, by Raimo Streefkerk. Revised on December 16, APA reference entries provide detailed information about a source. It enables you to review your own work and that of any tool you might be using.

Although the reference format differs depending on the type of source e. The author is responsible for creating the work. This can be an individual, multiple people, an organization such as a company, government agency, or workgroupor a combination of them.

The author can be the writer of a text, but also the host of a podcast or the director of a movie. Separate the names of multiple authors with commas.

researchgate article apa book reference entry

A reference entry may contain up to 20 authors. If there are more than 20, list the first 19 authors, followed by an ellipsis. When an organization or group is listed as the author of a source e.

If multiple organizations or groups are responsible for creating the work, include them all in the reference entry.

Do not use a comma to separate two group authors. Retain the symbol. Check the table below to learn when to provide a role description. The author may not always be mentioned explicitly, but you can often infer it from the context.

The reference then begins with the source title, as in this Bible citation. See an example. Use the following guidelines to determine the publication date:. In most cases, you only include the year of publication in the reference entry. Sources published more frequently e.

Only provide the retrieval date i. Examples include:. The retrieval date appears after the source title and before the URL. You do not need to include a retrieval date for an online newspaper article or blog post like this oneeven though the content might change a little over time. A retrieval date is also not needed if versions are archived, as is the case with Wikipedia articles. When citing multiple works from the same author, published in the same year, you need to add a lowercase letter after the year to distinguish between them.

These lowercase letters are also included in the APA in-text citation. This can be the title of a journal or a book i. In the latter case, you need to include two titles. Descriptions help identify sources. You include them for pretty much every source type, except for books, journal articles, reports, websites and newspaper articles. Place the description in square brackets after the source title but before the period. Try to keep the descriptions short and consistent.

If a work does not have a title, provide a description of it in square brackets in the place of the title. When citing a stand-alone work e. When citing a work that is part of a greater whole e.Ruxton, C. Tea: Hydration and other health benefits. Primary Health Care26 8 OR Aspy and Proeve have found Aspy, D. Psychological Reports1 OR Geraghty et al. Cite only the surname of the first author followed by et al.

Geraghty, S. Khan et al. Khan, A. Rhinology, 57 5 Nairne and Wilkinson assert that "our relationship with ourselves is essential to how we each show up professionally" p. The review included 78 trials employing a variety of intervention approaches Hodder et al.

Hodder et al. Sporting Traditions33 2 Note: Where a print journal article has a DOI you must include it, even though you did not access the electronic version. OR Christensen et al. For direct quotes of online material without pagination, name the sections and paragraph number:. The authors' "objective was to identify control journals that did not require data posting" Christensen et al. Christensen, G. A study of the impact of data sharing on article citations using journal policies as a natural experiment.

Secondary Sources: When you are referring to the ideas or words of an author who has been cited in another work. Also called 'secondary citation'. Where the year is known for the original work, include it as well as the year of the publication you read. RTO Code: Skip to main content. VU Home Library Guides.

Creating APA reference entries

Search this Guide Search. On this page APA Referencing: journal articles video Basic format to reference journal articles Referencing journal articles: Examples Related links within this guide.

Related links within this guide What is a DOI? Information about digital object identifiers. In-text referencing The basics of an in-text reference in APA. Quotes in APA 7th How to include quotes within the text of your work.

Secondary sources Referring to the ideas or words of an author who has been cited in another authors work. Article title. Journal title in italics. Volume of journal in italics. Issue number of journal in round brackets no italics.


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