When Barrack Obama was elected as the leader of the free world, and the President of the United States of America, he talked extensively of change, particularly of health care reform and why it was necessary. As a result, this is an exciting time for health care reform in the United States because, no matter how some people call it too little, or too much, something is happening. As a result, this paper is going to establish an overall, unbiased, account of just what it is that the new health care reform legislation entails, and what it means for the average American.
There are several take on what it means, but few people really have an understanding of what the new law is going to accomplish and how it is going to change the system; that has to change. People generally fear, and hate, what they do not comprehend, as such, the only way to find common ground and reach for the good of all Americans is to eliminate misunderstanding through enlightenment.
The ultimate issue is that people simply do not understand what the law entails for them personally. A few of the items on the bill that people are more aware of include an expansion of the Medicare program as well as an extension of the age limit that allows for children to remain on their parents insurance.
Still, the Act does much more than that. Additionally, the National Health Care Act works to eliminate the private insurance companies, so that all that remains are public and non- profit organization, for the majority of basic care. That is to say that the government is trying to limit how high insurance rates are allowed to rise so that the services everyone needs can remain affordable; at least to a greater extent.
Also going hand- in- hand with is the expansion of places one is allowed to use their insurance. Before the act was proposed, and summarily enacted, insurance companies limited the doctors that one could visit when they were in need of physician care. Now, as the act moves into total application insurance will be applicable to any publicly- funded clinic, hospital, etc…. One of the aspects greatly misunderstood by the majority of Americans involves finances.
So too, included in the Act is a portion that makes it illegal to have an insurance company attempt to charge for any service which the Act mandates as free. That is to say, the government is attempting to limit duplicating coverage at the expense of innocent, uninformed, Americans. Additionally, however, they are allowed, some might even say encouraged, to privately insure medically unnecessary procedures, cosmetic alterations, for example.
Of course, there have to be ways to pay for all of these changes to the system; the obvious answer is going to be taxes. What those affected need to be made aware of, however, is that those taxes are not simply going to be imposed on everyone.
Instead, an additional tax will be placed on top earners in the nation, certain stock transactions, etc… Clearly there is also going to be a re- routing of funds from other health care programs into the new budget for this act, as well as, certain, already existing, health taxes will be applied to the program in lieu of insurance premiums.
There are some other allocations, sections that attempt to help keep unemployed peoples insured, as well as making public records widely accessible across medical facilities but also confidential. Additionally, there are a few other inclusions with the Act which are minor, like the eventual inclusion of the Indian Health Services. It makes sense as the United States of America is the last developed actor within the international system to have some sort of government involvement in public health care.
Still, there are going to be profound ramifications like access, cost, and quality; all of which are area that deserve to be explained and evaluated.
The road to success is easy with a little help. Let's get your assignment out of the way. Order now.Hospital policies help to maintain primary focus. Hospital administrators create policies and procedures that assist healthcare workers including nurses to work in an efficient manner.
Hospital policies and procedures make it easy for staff to perform various tasks quickly, efficiently while complying with the needs of the targets by the management. Importance of Hospital Policies and Procedures. It is essential that all individuals within healthcare organizations to understand the hospital policies and how to use them in their daily work.
In fact, nurses should a go a step further to contribute their views to the development and implementation of policies and procedure affecting their work. A proper understanding and commitment safeguard against confusion, legal challenges, and chaotic working conditions.
Nurses should not be suspicious of policies. They prevent making of irrational, illogical or even an illegal decision. Such decisions are going to cause negative impacts. It is important that health administrators set solid instructions determining the present and future decisions. It also helps nurses to make proper decisions under given circumstances.
The basis of hospital policies is on well-defined and acceptable standards of practice. Standards of nursing work help to establish consistency, a pattern for practice and consistency. They also provide a relevant benchmark for measurement and improvement of quality. Management of Hospital Policies and Procedures. It is not in dispute that hospitals cannot run without policy and procedure guidelines. What matters is the way each healthcare facility or organization manages them.
It is vital to have the best management system because they set a general plan of action for nurses guiding them to make the right decisions and achieve desired outcomes.
They also help employees to understand their responsibilities and roles with the organization they serve. For effective implementation of hospital nursing policies, the management should not make the few and simple as possible. The health sector has many regulations in place that nurses should know. All are important for nurses to understand and it will be burdensome if the in-house policies are too many of difficult. It will be hard for nurses to grasp the hospital and other regulations.
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Look no further! Our expert writers can help you with your coursework assignment today. Keeping Up With New Policies. Policies within a health care institution, professional bodies and state keep on changing to address the emerging trends in nursing. It is, therefore, essential for nurses to be on the lookout and familiarize themselves with new regulations and changes.
Although it might be the role of your seniors to communicate changes in nursing regulations, it is also essential for you to find the information as well.Risk management professionals should not take lightly the complexity associated with providing healthcare services. Moreover, well-written, up-to-date policies and procedures reduce practice variability that my result in substandard care and patient harm. The operational challenges associated with drafting and maintaining comprehensive written policies place heavy demands on healthcare managers.
Given increasing financial pressures and the top-priority status that must be given to direct patient care, managers may find it difficult to find time to review or update policies and procedures.
Deferring policy and procedure development, however, may result in negative consequences. Policies and procedures may become outdated, and those who adhere to outdated policies may carry out actions that are no longer consistent with industry-recognized practices. Alternatively, they may simply elect to disregard the policy. Either choice may result in patient harm and a malpractice claim. Evidence that caregivers followed outdated policies may hinder defense of an otherwise defensible claim.
When a domain unknowingly develops a policy or procedure that already exists—perhaps another domain issued a similar policy earlier—there will likely be differences, resulting in confusion as to which policy should be followed. Many healthcare organizations seem to misunderstand the purpose of policy statements and burden them with non-value-added or overly broad information. That may invite a plaintiff lawyer to take a statement out of context and allege that it places an obligation on the defendant that was not intended.
The following example illustrates problematic and preferred phrasing within a policy statement:. The procedure below is intended to promote compliance with the federal Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act, its amendments, regulations, and reporting requirements. Each policy should include a disclaimer statement to remind staff members that they must use their judgment to determine if all parts of the policy and procedure apply to each situation or whether some type of modification is warranted.
Typical disclaimer statements include the following which should be approved by legal counsel :. When developing or updating clinical policies, the first step is usually to identify whether pertinent professional associations have published practice guidelines on the subject. For example, when writing a policy that pertains to the delivery of patient care in an emergency department, reviewing guidelines issued by the American College of Emergency Physicians and the Emergency Nurses Association would be a logical first step.
Such guidelines are thoroughly researched and vetted by the issuing association before release. These practice guidelines are often introduced as evidence of the standard of care in a malpractice case. Professional association recommendations lack the authority of statutes or regulations, making them advisory rather than mandatory.
If a surgical operation at ABC hospital results in a retained instrument and becomes a claim, the plaintiff counsel will likely allege that the perioperative counts procedure was substandard because it was less rigorous than those recommended by AORN.
The organization has a duty to inform all affected personnel prior to the effective date of a new or revised policy. Failure to do so may cause a staff member to follow an outdated policy, possibly comprising patient care as well as potential allegations of corporate negligence. To protect the organization from corporate negligence claims, documentation that affirms all affected workers—including floating, part-time, and traveling employees—have reviewed the new or revised policy prior to its effective date should be collected and kept on file.
By allowing a period of time between the approval date of a policy and its effective date managers have time for associated training. Legal counsel should determine the length of time documentation of this type of training should be maintained, factoring in applicable statutes of limitations.
When a new policy or procedure pertains to the use of a new medical device, pharmaceutical agent, or clinical procedure, hands-on training may be warranted, in addition to sharing information about the written policies. Define all terms used within the policy. It is useful to put these definitions at the beginning of the policy. Refrain from using superlative words or statements, such as:. Exercise caution when using absolutes such as shall, must, or do not unless intended as such.
Health Care System Essay
Many circumstances allow for clinical judgment. Select a simple, recognizable name for the policy. Combine separate policies on the same subject into one policy. If it becomes lengthy, create a table of contents so the user can easily locate specific sections. Use the active rather than the passive voice when writing specific procedure action steps.The policy analysis essay is a staple for almost any college program in political science, social sciences, health sciences or the humanities.
What is a policy analysis essay? It is an essay about a current policy and its effects or outcomes. Alternatively, it could be an analysis of a proposed policy and its feasibility.
Normally your professor will give you an outline of what the essay should include, so make sure you follow the instructions and fulfill all the requirements. Writing a great essay is much more than just research. The structure of your essay frames the information in a way that makes it understandable, and your personal writing style adds interest.
Read the policy itself. It is usually in the form of a policy paper, but it could also be a legal document such as a bill or an international agreement. Find out on what research the policy was based, what the policy's expected outcomes are, and the plan for implementation. Research the policy and its background. This is one of the most important steps. You should be familiar with the issue the policy deals with. For example, if you are writing an essay on health reform, you should have a good understanding of the current health system, its history, its main strengths and weaknesses, and the principal actors in the industry.
Research the outcomes or potential outcomes of the policy. A policy is a plan for action - how is it to be carried out? If it is a current policy, is it getting the results that were intended? If it is a proposed policy, what factors will affect its implementation? Choose a frame of analysis.
You need to present some criteria on which you are evaluating the policy. Often your professor will tell you what kind of analysis he or she is expecting. Start with an introduction stating the policy and the relevant issues.
Outline the sections of your paper and state your main recommendations or conclusions. Elaborate your policy analysis based on the previous information. This is the most important part of your essay, as it is the actual analysis.
List policy alternatives and briefly describe how they differ from the original policy based on the criteria you are using. If you have come to the conclusion that the policy you are analyzing is not a good one, this is the section where you should explain which alternative policy you would recommend and why. Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning.
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